Cinema and Representation

This theme focuses on the ways in which Aboriginal peoples have been represented in NFB documentaries. Film excerpts illustrate how the representation of Aboriginal peoples has evolved over the last fifty years.

Excerpts


Caribou Hunters

Caribou Hunters 1


César's Bark Canoe/César et son Canot d'écorce

César's Bark Canoe/César et son Canot d'écorce 1


Circle of the Sun

Circle of the Sun 2


The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company

The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company 2


Totem: The Return of the G'psgolox Pole

Totem: The Return of the G'psgolox Pole 1

The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company

1972, Director: Defalco, Martin, Dunn, Willie

excerpt 2      3 min 30 s


 


Description In 1972, George Manuel, president of the National Indian Brotherhood, narrated one of the first NFB films made by a First Nations filmmaker. He presents the views of spokesmen from First Nations and Métis groups, including Métis historian and activist Howard Adams. They discuss the unscrupulous economic control the Hudson’s Bay Company holds over First Nations and Métis peoples.
Questions

1. A question raised in the film is: why is it that the lowest income earners in Canada have to pay the highest price for the goods they buy? What explanation does the divisional manager for the trading company give for this situation?

2. How does awareness about the issues depicted in the film help to resolve these long-standing issues for Aboriginal people?


About This Film

Synopsis

The Hudson's Bay Company's 300th anniversary celebration was no occasion for joy among the people whose lives were tied to the trading stores. This film, narrated by George Manuel, president of the National Indian Brotherhood, presents the view of spokesmen for Canadian Indian and Métis groups. There is a sharp contrast between the official celebrations, with Queen Elizabeth II among the guests, and what Indians have to say about their lot in the Company's operations.

Director: Martin Defalco
Director: Willie Dunn
Writing: David Wilson
Editing: David Wilson
Photography: Jean-Pierre Lachapelle
Sound: Jean-Guy Normandin
Sound: John Knight
Sound: Michel Descombes
Voice and Narration: George Manuel


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