Cinema and Representation

This theme focuses on the ways in which Aboriginal peoples have been represented in NFB documentaries. Film excerpts illustrate how the representation of Aboriginal peoples has evolved over the last fifty years.

Excerpts


Caribou Hunters

Caribou Hunters 1


César's Bark Canoe/César et son Canot d'écorce

César's Bark Canoe/César et son Canot d'écorce 1


Circle of the Sun

Circle of the Sun 2


The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company

The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company 2


Totem: The Return of the G'psgolox Pole

Totem: The Return of the G'psgolox Pole 1


REPRESENTING ABORIGINAL PEOPLES

Articles, Books, and Reports

Bissley, Jackie. "Can't Travel? Try Native Film." Windspeaker's Guide to Indian Country 2000. [consulted online Sept. 6, 2006]

Francis, Daniel. The Imaginary Indian: The Image of the Indian in Canadian Culture. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1992.

Gittings, Christopher E. “Visualizing First Nations.” Canadian National Cinema : Ideology, Difference and Representation. New York : Routledge, 2002: 196-215.

LaRocque, Emma. Defeathering the Indian. Agincourt, ON: Book Society of Canada, 1975.

Ponting, J. Rick and Cora J. Voyageur. “Multiple Points of Light: Grounds for Optimism among First Nations in Canada.” In David R. Newhouse, Cora J. Voyageur, and Dan Beavon, eds. Hidden in Plain Sight: Contributions of Aboriginal Peoples to Canadian Identity and Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005 : 425-454.

Walker, James St. G. “The Indian in Canadian Historical Writing.” Canadian Historical Association, Historical Papers, 1971 : 21-47. [available online October 10th, 2006]

FILMS PRODUCED BY THE NATIONAL FILM BOARD OF CANADA ABOUT AND BY ABORIGINAL PEOPLES

Articles, Books, and Reports

Balikci, Asen and Quentin Brown. Ethnographic Filming and the Netsilik Eskimos. Newton, MA: Educational Services Incorporated, 1966.

Bredin, Marian. "The Learning Path." In Jerry White, ed. The Cinema of Canada. London: Wallflower Press, 2006: 153-161.

Chun, Kimberly. "Storytelling in the Arctic Circle: An Interview with Zacharias Kunuk." Cineaste 28, 1 (Dec. 22, 2002): 21-23.

De Rosa, Maria. “Studio One: Of Storytellers and Stories.” In William Beard and Jerry White, eds. North of Everything: English-Canadian Cinema Since 1980. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2002: 328-341.

Eisner, Ken. “Shadow and Light: First Nations Women Filmmakers.” In Jacqueline Levitin, Judith Plessis, and Valerie Raoul, eds. Women Filmmakers: Refocusing. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003: 394-403.

Geller, Peter. ""Bringing the North into the Mainstream of Canadian Life": Technological and Cultural Encounter in the National Film Board's North West Frontier." In A.W. Plumstead, ed. The North in Film. North Bay, ON: Nipissing University, 1999: 53-64.

Gittings, Christopher E. Producing a National Cinema: Peoples of Canada.” Canadian National Cinema: Ideology, Difference and Representation. New York: Routledge, 2002: 81-86.

Gittings, Christopher E. “Visualizing First Nations.” Canadian National Cinema: Ideology, Difference and Representation. New York : Routledge, 2002: 215-226.

Honarpisheh, Farbod. "You Are on Indian Land." In Jerry White, ed. The Cinema of Canada. London: Wallflower Press, 2006: 81-89.

Irwin, Colleen. "Foster Child." in Jerry White, ed. The Cinema of Canada. London: Wallflower Press, 2006: 129-135.

Lee, Helen. “Coming Attractions: A Brief History of Canada’s Nether-Cinema.” Take One 4, no 11 (Summer 1994) : 209-216.

Lewis, Randolph. Alanis Obomsawin: The Vision of a Native Filmmaker. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2006.

McIlroy, Brian. "Kahnehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance." in Jerry White, ed. The Cinema of Canada. London: Wallflower Press, 2006: 173-181.

McMillan, Robert. "Ethnology and the N.F.B.: The Laura Boulton Mysteries." Canadian Journal of Film Studies vol 1 no 2 (1991): 67-82.

Nicholson, Heather Norris. "'At the Centre of It All Are the Children' : Aboriginal Childhoods and the National Film Board." London Journal of Canadian Studies vol 17 (2001/2002): 73-100.

Nicholson, Heather Norris. "Introduction to Part Three." In Heather Norris Nicholson, ed. Screening Culture: Constructing Image and Identity. Lanham, ML: Lexington Books, 2003: 127-142.

Nicholson, Heather Norris. “Tshishe Mishtikuashisht—Le Petit Grand Européen; Feasting on Memories: Reflections on a Conversation with Josephine Bacon.” In Heather Norris Nicholson, ed. Screening Culture: Constructing Image and Identity. Lanham, ML: Lexington Books, 2003: 169-178.

Robertson, Carmen Lee. Reel Artists: National Film Board of Canada Portrayals of Contemporary Aboriginal and Inuit Artists and their Art. PhD. Thesis. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary, 2005.

Roth, Lorna. “The Role of the National Film Board in the Eastern Arctic.” Something New in the Air: The Story of First Peoples Television Braodcasting in Canada. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005: 97-106.

Varga, Darrell. "Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner." in Jerry White, ed. The Cinema of Canada. London: Wallflower Press, 2006: 225-233.

Weatherford, Elizabeth. “Starting Fire with Gunpowder.” Film Comment 28 (May/June 1992) : 64-67.

White, Jerry. "Asivaqtiin / The Hunters." in Jerry White, ed. The Cinema of Canada. London: Wallflower Press, 2006: 101-108.


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