The film excerpts in this theme show the devastating effects of European colonialist policies on Aboriginal peoples. They also show acts of racism in which Aboriginal peoples have been victimized in their relations with whites.



Duchemin, Parker. “Stealing History.” Briarpatch (October 1988): 17-23.

Green, Joyce. “Towards a Détente with History: Confronting Canada’s Colonial Legacy.” International Journal of Canadian Studies 12 (Fall 1995): 85-105.

LaRocque, Emma. "The Colonization of a Native Woman Scholar." In P. Chuchryk and C. Miller, eds. Women of the First Nations. Winnipeg, MN: University of Manitoba Press, 1996.

LaRocque, Emma. “Racism runs Through Canadian Society.” In Ormond McKague, ed. Racism in Canada. Saskatoon: Fifth House Publishers, 1991: 73-76.

Puxley, Peter. “The Colonial Experiences.” In Mel Watkins, ed. Dene Nation: The Colony Within. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1977: 103-119.

Books and Reports

Adams, Howard. Prison of Grass: Canada from a Native Point of View. Rev. ed. Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House, 1989.

Adams, Howard. A Tortured People : The Politics of Colonization. Rev. ed. Penticton, BC : Theytus Books, 1999.

Canada. Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. 5 v. Ottawa: The Commission, 1996. [available online October 10th, 2006]

Cardinal, Harold. The Unjust Society: The Tragedy of Canada’s Indians. Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 1999 [1984].

Chrisjohn, Roland David, Sherri Young and Michael Maraun. The Circle Game: Shadows and Substance in the Indian Residential School Experience in Canada. Rev. ed. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 2005.

Dickason, Olive Patricia. The Myth of the Savage: And the Beginnings of French Colonialism in the Americas. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1997 [1984].

Frideres, James S., and René R. Gadacz. Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, 7th ed. Scarborough, N: Pearson Education Canada, 2005.

Getty, Ian A. L., and Antoine S. Lussier, eds. As Long as the Sun Shines and Water Flows: A Reader in Canadian Native Studies. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1983.

Lepage, Pierre. Aboriginal Peoples: Fact and Fiction. Quebec, QC: Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse, 2002.

Neu, Dean and Richard Therrien. Accounting for Genocide: Canada's Bureaucratic Assault on Aboriginal People. Black Point, NS: Fernwood Publishing. 2003.

Paul, Daniel N. First Nations History. We Were Not Savages: Collision between European and Native American Civilizations. 3rd. ed. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, 2006.

Peterson, Jacqueline, and Jennifer S. H. Brown, eds. The New Peoples: Being and Becoming Métis in North America. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1985.

Ponting, J. Rick, ed. Arduous Journey: Canadian Indians and Decolonization. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1986.

Razack, Sherene H., ed., Race, Space and the Law: Unmapping a White Settler Society. Toronto: Between the Lines, 2002.

St. Denis, V. & Hampton, E. Literature Review on Racism and the Effects on Aboriginal Education. [Prepared for Minister’s National Working Group on Education]. Ottawa: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 2002. [available online October 10th, 2006]

York, Geoffrey. The Dispossessed: Life and Death in Native Canada. Toronto: McArthur, 1999.

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