Colonialism and Racism

The film excerpts in this theme show the devastating effects of European colonialist policies on Aboriginal peoples. They also show acts of racism in which Aboriginal peoples have been victimized in their relations with whites.


Forgotten Warriors

Forgotten Warriors 1

My Name Is Kahentiiosta

My Name Is Kahentiiosta 1

My Name Is Kahentiiosta 2

Ojigkwanong - Encounter with an Algonquin Sage

Ojigkwanong - Encounter with an Algonquin Sage 1

The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company

The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company 1

The Other Side of the Ledger: An Indian View of the Hudson's Bay Company 3

Our Nationhood

Our Nationhood 4

Riel Country

Riel Country 2

Riel Country 1


Uranium 1

Ojigkwanong - Encounter with an Algonquin Sage

2000, Director: Ouimet, Lucie

excerpt 1      1 min 36 s


Description William Commanda’s Algonquin name is Ojigkwanong. Chief of the Maniwaki Reserve in Quebec from 1951-1970, he recalls how Indian Affairs agents exercised complete control of Indian reserves in 1978 and treated Aboriginals with contempt.

1. How did the role of Indian Agent undermine the sovereignty of the Maniwaki Band Council?

2. How is William Commanda’s understanding of civilization different from that of the Indian Agent? Which perspective do you more closely identify with and why?

About This Film


William Commanda, whose Algonquin name is Ojigkwanong, was born on the Maniwaki reserve in Quebec in 1913. The story of his early life is a familiar one: the loss of Native culture, numbing poverty and escape into alcohol. In 1961 Commanda, then chief of his reserve, was terminally ill. He had a vision that would transform his life and those of his people. Imagining a Circle of all Nations, his first gesture was to reconcile the Algonquins and Iroquois. Since then, he has devoted himself to the reconciliation of peoples and cultures. The message of this old sage is universal: healing is the main priority and can only be achieved through forgiveness and tolerance. In this, he shares much with other remarkable individuals who managed to wash politics clean of resentment: Gandhi, Martin Luther King, the Dalai Lama and Nelson Mandela. Ojigkwanong - an encounter with a remarkable man! In French with English subtitles.

Cast or Participant: William Commanda
Cast or Participant: Roger Scott
Cast or Participant: Anthony Paul
Cast or Participant: Roy Lisk
Cast or Participant: Lucassie Ainalik
Cast or Participant: Ian Dewache
Consultant: Lucie Ouimet
Writing: Lucie Ouimet
Director: Lucie Ouimet
Editing: Teresa de Luca
Photography: Carlos Ferrand
Sound: Diane Carrière
Sound: Richard Lavoie
Sound: France Dubé
Music: Alain Bellaïche
Sound: Stéphane Cadotte
Sound: Serge Boivin
Producer: André Gladu

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