Canadian Heritage

We acknowledge the financial support of the Department of Canadian Heritage through Canadian Culture Online.

And the important contributions of the following partner agencies, organizations and individuals:


Partner Agencies

Canadian War Museum

Canadian War Museum

The Canadian War Museum celebrated its Grand Opening on the weekend of May 7-8, 2005. The Museum is located on LeBreton Flats and the south bank of the Ottawa River, west of Parliament Hill in downtown Ottawa. The Museum's stunning architectural design, innovative exhibitions, diverse public programmes and leading-edge scholarly content make it one of the world's most respected venues dedicated to the understanding of human conflict, as well as a must-see destination in Canada's capital.

Visit the Canadian War Museum on the internet at:

Imperial War Museum

Imperial War Museum

The Imperial War Museum is unique in its coverage of conflicts, especially those involving Britain and the Commonwealth, from the First World War to the present day. It seeks to provide for and to encourage, the study and understanding of the history of modern war and how it affects our lives. Exhibits range from tanks and aircraft to photographs and personal letters; they include film and sound recordings, and some of the 20th century's best-known paintings.

Visit the Imperial War Museum’s website at:

Department of National Defence – Directorate of History and Heritage

National Defence

On 1 September, 1996, The Directorate of History (DHist) and, The Directorate of Military Traditions and Heritage (DMTH) were amalgamated to form The Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH). The Canadian Forces (CF) Music Centre (CF Mus C) became a sub-unit of DHH on 1 April, 1997. The mission of the Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) is to develop Canadian Forces history, heritage, traditions, military honours, museum and music systems.

History is a master art, integrating all fields of knowledge to yield understanding of its chosen subjects. Tradition is a set of beliefs and attitudes which guide behaviour. Heritage encompasses both, using the past to build for the future.

The Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) is therefore mandated to safeguard and disseminate Canadian military history and heritage to meet departmental goals, provide meritorious service recognition, and reinforce Canadian Forces (CF) identity.

Visit the Directorate on the internet at:

Veterans Affairs Canada

Veterans Affairs Canada

Veterans Affairs Canada’s mission is to provide exemplary, client-centred services and benefits that respond to the needs of veterans, our other clients and their families, in recognition of their services to Canada; and to keep the memory of their achievements and sacrifices alive for all Canadians.

Visit Veterans Affairs Canada on the internet at:

Library and Archives Canada

Library and Archives Canada

Library and Archives Canada is an innovative knowledge institution that combines the collections, services and staff expertise of the former National Library of Canada and National Archives of Canada. Our objective is to provide all Canadians with easy, one-stop access to the texts, photographs and other documents that reflect their cultural, social and political development. Working closely with other archives and libraries, we will continue to acquire and preserve Canada's documentary heritage in all its forms.

Visit Library and Archives Canada on the internet at:



Archives of Ontario

The Archives of Ontario is located at 77 Grenville St., Unit 300 in downtown Toronto. Its mission is to provide innovative leadership in managing information in support of accountable government, in identifying and preserving Ontario's documentary memory, and in promoting and facilitating its use. Its commitment to clients is to help them access and understand the collections and services of the Archives of Ontario with efficiency, fairness and courtesy.

Visit the Archives of Ontario on the internet at

The Black Watch Royal Highland Regiment Museum

The Black Watch is the oldest highland regiment in Canada. Volunteers have served since the regiment's inception in Montreal on January 31st, 1862 as 5th Battalion, Royal Light Infantry. The rise of American military strength during the Civil War concerned Canada. The government authorized formation of militia regiments. Each of six Montreal Scottish chieftains responded by raising an infantry company for the 5th Battalion. Eventually, eight companies were raised for border service. Since then, thousands of Canadian citizens have served in the Black Watch. In addition to Canadian border security, they have fought in the Boer War, WW1, WW2, Korean War; bolstered NATO operations in Europe and UN peacekeeping worldwide; and provided aid-to-the-civil-power, most recently during the Quebec and Eastern Ontario ice storm disaster. In the year 2000, the Black Watch battalion earned the distinction of being selected as the best unit in Québec's 34 Brigade. This important award, called the Dubuc trophy, was again won for 2002, a second time in three years.

Visit the Black Watch Royal Highland Regiment Museum on the internet at:

Canada Aviation Museum

The Canada Aviation Museum is located at Ottawa’s historic Rockcliffe airport. The museum is recognized as having the most extensive aviation collection in Canada and one which ranks among the best in the world. In 1988, the importance of the collection was acknowledged in the opening at Rockcliffe of the first phase of a multi-phase development program to serve as the new home of the collection. In early spring 2005, a new collection storage wing and the library, archives and administration wing was completed. With the new overall plan in place, this dynamic institution continues to move forward as the 100th anniversary of Canadian powered flight in 2009 rapidly approaches. The Museum is now focusing on its next major priority—to develop a large restoration facility, in order to continue the important work of preserving Canada’ proud aerospace heritage.

Visit the Canada Aviation Museum on the internet at:

Canada Science and Technology Museum

The Canada Science and Technology Museum is located south-east of downtown Ottawa at 1867 St. Laurent Blvd. The special role of the Canada Science and Technology Museum Corporation is to help the public to understand the ongoing relationships between science, technology and Canadian society. The largest of its kind in Canada, this Museum fulfills its mission through its collection, permanent, temporary and travelling exhibits, special events, school programs, workshops and demonstrations, publications, loans, conferences and lectures, expert advice, and joint action with other museums and organizations with similar goals and interests.

Visit the Canada Science and Technology Museum on the internet at

Canadian Heritage Gallery

The Canadian Heritage Gallery aims to promote the accessibility, knowledge and research of Canadian Heritage by publishing via the Internet an extensive collection of historical photos, original documents, Canadian artwork, maps, and illustrations, fully documented and researched for historical authenticity, and presented in a "user friendly" format. It advances the dissemination of materials and information pertaining to the Heritage of Canada by providing printed or digital reproductions of selected images and caption information.

Visit the Canadian Heritage Gallery on the internet at:

The Canadian Letters and Images Project

The Canadian Letters and Images Project is an online archive of the Canadian war experience, from any war, as told through the letters and images of Canadians themselves. It began in August 2000, located in the Department of History at Malaspina University College. In November 2003 the Project was very pleased to bring in as partners the History Department at The University of Western Ontario. Students at Western will be working under the guidance of Dr. Jonathan Vance, Canada Research Chair in Conflict and Culture. This partnership between Malaspina and Western will ensure that more material can be made available to the public through the Project web site.

Visit the Canadian Letters and Images Project on the internet at:

City of Toronto Archives

The City of Toronto Archives is located at 255 Spadina Rd. in downtown Toronto. The archives preserves and provides access to records of enduring value regardless of media or format, that provide evidence of the decisions, policies, and activities of the City of Toronto, its predecessor municipalities, and its agencies, boards, and commissions which do not have their own archival programs. The Archives also acquires, preserves, and provides access to non-government records that make a significant contribution to an understanding of the development of the City, its natural and built environment, and the people who lived, worked, or had an impact upon Toronto.

Visit the City of Toronto Archives at:

Eastern Townships Research Centre

The Eastern Townships Research Centre (ETRC) is an incorporated, not-for-profit organization located at Bishop's University in Lennoxville, Quebec. Its mission is to further multidisciplinary research into the history, culture and society of the Eastern Townships region of Quebec, and to preserve the region's English-speaking archival heritage.

Visit the Eastern Townships Research Centre at

Institute of Island Studies

The Institute of Island Studies is a research, education and public policy institute based at the University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Canada. With an emphasis always on Prince Edward Island, the work of the Institute focuses on the culture, environment and economy of small islands. Its mandate is: to encourage a deep knowledge, understanding and expression of Prince Edward Island; to serve as a bridge between the University and Island communities; to contribute to the formulation of public policy in Prince Edward Island; to undertake comparative studies of Prince Edward Island and other islands.

Visit the Institute of Island Studies on the internet at:

McCord Museum of Canadian History, Canada

The McCord Museum of Canadian History is located at 690 Sherbrooke St.West in downtown Montréal. Founded in 1921 by David Ross McCord, The McCord Museum is a public research and teaching museum dedicated to the preservation, study, diffusion, and appreciation of Canadian history. Grounded in its collections and the study of material culture, and building on the national vision of its founder, the McCord Museum pursues excellence in research, collections, exhibitions, and education, using traditional media and innovative technologies and approaches, to speak to contemporary preoccupations and to inspire historical enquiry.

Visit the McCord Museum of Canadian History on the internet at

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Website Digital Collection

The Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Website Digital Collection is a project of Memorial University of Newfoundland. The purpose of this web site is to furnish a wide range of information and analysis on the history, geography, population, culture, and society of Newfoundland and Labrador. The site is intended for use by high school students and by members of the general public. While not aimed at academics, scholars in other fields who wish to know more about Newfoundland and Labrador may find it a valuable source of information.

Visit the Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Website Digital Collection on the internet at

Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador

The Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador (PANL) is mandated to preserve those records of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador which are deemed to have enduring legal, fiscal, evidential or research value. PANL also collects records from private sources which have enduring value to the history of the province. The third feature of PANL's mandate is responsibility for the Records Management Program for the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, through the development and implementation of records and information management policies, procedures, and standards. Also, the management of the disposal of government records, the Provincial Records Centre, as well as records and information management training for government employees.

Visit the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador on the internet at:

Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island

The Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island (PARO), located at 175 Richmond St. in downtown Charlottetown, acquires, preserves, and makes available for public research the records of the government of Prince Edward Island and private-sector papers and records deemed to be of lasting historical value. As well as textual materials such as correspondence files, journals, and newspapers, the holdings are rich in materials in other formats and media such as photographs, maps, architectural drawings, film, and sound recordings. The Archives provides service to students, historians, genealogists, government officials and interested members of the public.

Visit the Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island on the internet at

The Quebec National Archives Montreal Centre

The Quebec National Archives has the double mission of making archival documents about Quebec available to interested citizens and assuring the management of administrative and legal documents on behalf of the government of Quebec and other public organizations.

Visit the Quebec National Archives on the internet at:

Queen’s University Archives

The Archives undertakes its activities to maintain at Queen's University an archival resource of national, provincial, and regional significance, to prevent the destruction or loss of culturally important records, and to support teaching, research and outreach at Queen's University. The present facilities include spacious public areas for consultation and research, a modern conservation lab, an archival records processing area and large storage vaults.

Visit the Queen’s University Archives on the internet at:

The Royal 22e Regiment Museum

The Royal 22e Regiement Museum is located at the Citadelle of Quebec in Quebec City. This national historical site, also known as the Gibraltar of America, is the best place to begin a trip into the military past and present of Quebec City. La Citadelle is an active military garrison and cannot be visited individually. Guided tours of 60 minutes are therefore offered in French or English. Written documentation is also available in five other languages: German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese and Chinese. Special visits are available for groups. Since 1872, the Citadelle has also the home of an official residence of the Governor General of Canada. Guided tours of the residence are offered to visitors in summertime, daily from 1pm to 5pm.

Visit the Royal 22e Regiment Museum and the Citadelle of Quebec on the internet at:

The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps Museum

The evolution of the RCOC Museum began during the period 1955 – 1959 when the RCOC school exhibited items of early uniforms, buttons, badges and photographs in the hallway of the main instructional building. In 1959 representation was made to the Director of Ordnance Service to authorize a Corps museum, and on 31 August 1959, the Director of Ordnance Services, then Colonel EG Shannon, OBE, CD, so ordered. On 2 November 1962, on the occasion of the RCOC Association Annual Meeting, the Director of Ordnance Services, then Colonel DE Mounteer, CD, officially opened the Museum in Building 116, Longue Pointe, at a tape cutting ceremony. When visiting the Longue Pointe Garrison members and ex-members of the Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps are particularly urged to visit the museum.

Visit the the Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps Museum at the following address:
6560 Hochelaga Street
PO Box 4000
Station K
Montreal, QC H1N 3R9
Tel.: 514-252-2777, local 2241
Museum Curator: P. Sippley

The Royal Montreal Regiment Museum

The Royal Montreal Regiment Museum was opened on September 20, l974 by Brigadier W.S.G. Armour MBE, Colonel, the Prince of Wales Own Regiment of Yorkshire, on the occasion of the Regiment’s 60th Anniversary reunion. The mission of the Museum is to preserve the history of the regiment through the collection and display of military artifacts, books, documents, pictures, posters, movie film, etc. and all other pertinent matter. The Royal Montreal Regiment traces its origins back to the creation of the 14th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in August 1914. The 14th was raised by the amalgamation of several companies of three existing Montreal Militia Regiments: The 1st Regiment, Canadian Grenadier Guards; The 3rd Regiment, Victoria Rifles of Canada; and, the 65th Regiment, Carabiniers Mont-Royal. Shortly thereafter, this battalion was granted its present title, by special warrant. In October 1914 the RMR, over a thousand strong, arrived in Britain, together with the rest of the first contingent of the CEF. Six months after leaving Montreal elements of the Regiment were already committed to the Western Front, soon to be followed by the remainder of the RMR. The Regiment’s first battle honour - "Ypres" - is remembered for the first use of poison gas by the Germans.

Visit the Royal Montreal Regiment Museum on the internet at:

Saskatoon Public Library – Local History Room

Saskatoon Public Library, Local History Department is located at 311 23rd Street East, Saskatoon. The Saskatoon Public Library is an autonomous community-oriented institution ensuring quality cost-effective services to its public. The system provides educational, informational, recreational and cultural opportunities delivered by qualified and committed staff, as directed by Board Policy. The Saskatoon Public Library exists to provide an essential, innovative community service and an accessible resource for people of all ages and backgrounds, enhancing our quality of life and affirming our sense of community and our spirit of optimism and discovery.

Visit the Saskatoon Public Library-Local History Room on the internet at

Sir Alexander Galt Museum

The Sir Alexander Galt Museum and Archives are owned by the City of Lethbridge and operate as an arms-length agency under a Board of Directors.The purpose of the Archives is to collect and preserve information of permanent value to the study of the human history of Lethbridge and southwestern Alberta. Information is collected from both public and private sources, and is available to interested researchers. The Sir Alexander Galt Museum and Archives is excited to celebrate the 2005 Centennial of the Province of A/berta and the 2006 Centennial of the City of Lethbridge with the development of a 13,627 square feet addition and renovation of the existing 27,243 square foot facility.

Visit the Sir Alexander Galt Museum on the internet at:

The Stewart Museum at the Fort Île Sainte-Hélène

The Stewart Museum, situated at the Fort on Île Sainte-Hélène near Montreal, tells the history of the discovery, exploration and development of Canada, and its close relationship with the civilizations of Western Europe, which gave it birth. The museum aims to collect, preserve, exhibit and study collections of artefacts, archival documents, books and illustrations which show the presence and influence of European civilization on the history of New France and North America. The Stewart Museum also makes known this history to its public through the development of programmes using a global approach to history wherein social, political, military, scientific and technological themes are related one to the other.

Visit the Stewart Museum on the internet at

University of Trent Library and Archives

Trent University Archives is located in Peterborough, Ontario and is administratively part of Bata Library. It is a repository for archival materials relating to the Trent Valley area in general and to Trent University in particular. The holdings include textual material, 19,000 photographs, microformat materials, maps, newspapers, drawings and audio-visual records. A reading room is provided for researchers who may consult hard copy finding aids for individual accessions and discuss their research with the Archivist prior to requesting items from the closed stacks. Most collections are open to researchers although some may be restricted according to instructions from donors. Trent University Archives is open to all members of the university community and the public without charge. We are active members of the International Council on Archives, Association of Canadian Archivists, the Archives Association of Ontario and the Ontario Museums Association.

Visit the University of Trent Library and Archives on the internet at:



Sam Allison
Maria Askham
Dr.Thomas S. Axworthy
Denyse Baillargeon
Arthur Bishop
Dr. Laura Brandon
Dr. Patrick H. Brennan
Marcelle Cinq-Mars
Dr. Tim Cook
Donald Cuggy
Dr. Stephen Davies
Mourad Djebabla
Mary Gaudet
Dr. Jack L. Granatstein
Hugh A. Halliday
Dr. S.J. Harris
Andrew Iarocci
Dr. Kevin Kee
Dr. Joyce Kennedy
Sam Kula
Myriam Levert
Philip Lewis
Major Michel Litalien
Dr. Margaret MacMillan
Colonel John Marteinson
Major Michael R. McNorgan
Desmond Morton
Maryrose O’Neill
Bill Rawling
Dr. Robert Rutherdale
Catherine Saouter
Dr. Jonathan F. Vance
Phil White
Syndy Wright

Project Credits

Project Management

James Roberts, Project Manager and Head, Collections Management
Marc St-Pierre, Assistant Project Manager and Collections Analyst
Frédéric Ouellet, Assistant Project Manager
Colette Lebeuf, Senior Researcher and Principal Librarian
Bernard Lutz, Archivist
Nicole Périat, Archivist
Katherine Kasirer, Librarian
Christiane Talbot, Librarian
Sheila Kunst, Indexer
Lorraine Laliberté, Library Technician
Renée Bourgault, Content Analyst
Lillian Anderson, Researcher and Assistant Librarian
Eric Shinn, Researcher
Johanne Lessard, Financial Advisor
Brenda Hurdle, Administration

Web Development and Design

Jean-François Poulin, Webmaster
Yolaine Brunette, Project Coordinator
Gabrielle Vezina, Project Coordinator
Jean-François Côté, Technical lead
Marc Trudel-Bélisle, Integrator
Moulay Youssef El Kanani, Programmer
Marc-André Lavoie, Artistic Director
Michel Gratton, Programmer
Nicolas S. Roy, Programmer
Joseph Décarie, Programmer
Philippe Chartrand, Systems Analyst

Conservation Vaults and Conservation Laboratory

Richard Cournoyer, Vaults Supervisor
Johanne St-Amant, Senior Vaults Clerk
Daniel Gosselin, Vaults Clerk
Lorraine Lussier, Vaults Clerk
Jean-Richard, Vaults Clerk
Michel Dubois, Laboratory Technician
Richard Brown, Laboratory Technician
Nicola Gisondi, Laboratory Technician

Digital Vault

Julie Dutrisac, Head, Innovation and Development
Mathieu Sheehy, Computer Engineer
Denis Bergeron, Senior Digital Vault Technician
Étienne Dallaire, Digital Vault Technician
Éric Deschênes, Digital Vault Technician

Technical Services

Pierre Ferlatte, Head, Technical Coordination
Aldo La Ricca, Telecine Operator
Louis Dupuis, Technical Coordinator
Louise Overy, Titles and Effects Specialist
Michel Lapointe, Quality Control Technician
Micheline Faubert, Coordination Assistant
Isabelle Painchaud, Video Technician
Josianne Hémond, Video Technician
Mélanie Boudreau-Blanchard, Coordination Clerk

Translation and Revision

Nancy Barr, Editor
Marie Chalouh, Editor
Janet Chapman, Translator
Kimberley Cooper, Dispatcher
Hélène Lajeunesse, Translator
Odette Lord, Editor
Louise Malette, Editor
Karin Montin, Translator
Hélène Paré, Translator
Sylvie Prieur, Translator

Legal Services

Dominique Aubry, Senior Legal Counsel
Peter Kallianotis, Legal Advisor
Sylvia Mezei, Rights Clearance and Permissions