Bibliography

Bibliogaphic references

This bibliography is not comprehensive, and generally includes only more contemporary materials. For additional references, please read the historians’ essays elsewhere on this web site, consult the online bibliography entitled “Canada and the First World War” compiled by Library and Archives Canada (http://www.collectionscanada.ca/military/h13-4000-e.html), or use the following subject heading when consulting library catalogues:


World War, 1914-1918

Click on a section for a list of references works on that subject:

General Works about World War I
Aviation
Battles and Battlefields
The Commanders and Leaders
Communications and Engineering on the Battlefield
Gas Warfare
The Home Front: Women, Industry, Fundraising, and Internment Camps
The Images of World War I (Photographs, Films, Art, Posters)
Journalism, Censorship and Propaganda in World War I
Life in the Trenches
Medals and Decorations
Medical Corps
Military Logistics
Mounted Troops
Personal Narratives and Biographies of Soldiers
The Post-War Period : Armistice and Veterans
Prisoners of War
Recruitment, Enlistment, Conscription and Training
Remembering and Commemorating World War I
The Units of the CEF
The Weapons of World War I
Videos and DVDs available at the NFB
Web sites


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General Works about World War I

Axworthy, Thomas S. “The Great Transformation.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Beauregard, Claude, Robert Comeau et Jean-Pierre Gagnon, dirs., Le Canada français et les conflits contemporains, [Actes du colloque tenu à l’Université du Québec à Montrèal, le 27 août 1995], Cahiers d’histoire politique 2 (hiver 1996).

Bernier, Serge and René Chartrand. Canadian Military Heritage, v. 3. 1871-2000. Montreal: Art Global, 2000. [also available in PDF format from the Directorate of History and Heritage at National Defence http://www.forces.gc.ca/hr/dhh/publications/engraph/home_e.asp?cat=6]

Berton, Pierre. Marching As to War: Canada’s Turbulent Years, 1899-1953. Paperback ed. Toronto: Anchor Canada, 2002.

Brown, Robert Craig and Ramsay Cook. Canada, 1896-1921: A Nation Transformed. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1974.

Busch, Briton C., ed. Canada and the Great War: Western Front Association Papers. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003.

The Canadian Annual Review of Public Affairs. Toronto: Annual Review Pub. Co., 1914-1919.

Duguid, A. Fortescue. Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919. Vol. 1 : From the Outbreak of War to the Formation of the Canadian Corps, August 1915-September 1915. Ottawa: Dept. of National Defence and King’s Printer, 1938. [this was the only volume published]

Eksteins, Modris. Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age. Toronto: Lester & Orpen Dennys, 1994 (1989).

Filteau, Gérard, Le Québec, le Canada et la guerre 1914-1918, Montréal, Éditions de L’Aurore, 1977.

Freeman, Bill and Richard Nielsen. Far from Home: Canadians in the First World War. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1999. [accompanies the video series of the same title – see below under DVDs and Videos Available from the NFB]

Gopnik, Adam. “The Big One: Historians Rethink the War to End All Wars.” The New Yorker (August 23, 2004).

Granatstein, J.L. Hell’s Corner: An Illustrated History of Canada’s Great War, 1914-1918. Toronto: Douglas and McIntyre, 2004.

Granatstein, J.L. and Desmond Morton. Canada and the Two World Wars. Toronto: Key Porter Books, 2003.

Hamilton, Richard F. and Holger H. Herwig, eds. The Origins of World War I. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Joll, James. The Origins of the First World War. 2nd ed. Toronto: Longman, 2004 (1992).

Keegan, John. The First World War. Toronto: Key Porter Books, 1998.

Labayle, E., Byng Boys! Les Canadiens dans la Grande Guerre 1914-1918, Château-Thierry, France, E/L, 1999.

Legault, Roch et Jean Lamarre, dirs., La Première Guerre mondiale et le Canada: contributions socio-militaires québécoises, Montréal, Méridien, 1999.

MacKenzie, David, ed. Canada and the First World War: Essays in Honour of Robert Craig Brown. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

McCullough, Edward E. How the First World War Began: The Triple Entente and the Coming of the Great War of 1914-1918. Montreal: Black Rose Books, 1999.

Morton, Desmond, « La Guerre d’indépendance du Canada: une perspective anglophone, » in La Première guerre mondiale et le Canada: contributions socio-militaires québécoises, Roch Legault et Jean Lamarre, dirs., Montréal, Méridien, 1999 : 11-34.

---. A Military History of Canada. 3rd ed. Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, 1992.

---. “Was The Great War Canada’s War Of Independence?” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Morton, Desmond and J.L. Granatstein. Marching to Armageddon: Canadians and the Great War 1914-1919. Toronto: Lester & Orpen Dennys, 1989.

Nicholson, Colonel G.W.L., C.D. Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919: Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer, 1964. [[also available in PDF format from the Directorate of History and Heritage at National Defence http://www.forces.gc.ca/hr/dhh/publications/engraph/home_e.asp?cat=6]

Roy, Dominic, Histoire du XXe siècle: perspectives internationales, Montréal, Modulo, 2003.

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Aviation

Bashow, David L. Knights of the Air: Canadian Fighter Pilots in the First World War. Toronto: McArthur, 2000.

Bishop, Arthur. The Courage of the Early Morning: The Story of Billy Bishop. Paperback ed. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1989 (1967).

---. “The Lone Hawk: Ace Billy Bishop.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Cosgrove, Edmund. Canada’s Fighting Pilots. Rev. ed. Kemptville, ON: Golden Dog Press, 2003.

Dubé, Timothy. “Hector Fraser Dougall, RFC: A Pilot’s Account of the Great War.” Canadian Military History 5, no 2 (1996): 106-109.

Greenhous, Brereton. The Making of Billy Bishop. Toronto: Dundern Group, 2002.

Greenhous, Brereton and Hugh A. Halliday. Canada’s Air Forces, 1914-1999. Montreal: Art Global, 1999.

Halliday, Hugh A. “The First Air War.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. Not in the Face of the Enemy: Canadians Awarded the Air Force Cross and Air Force Medal, 1918-1966. Toronto: Robin Brass Studio, 2000.

McCaffery, Dan. Air Aces: The Lives and Times of Twelve Canadian Fighter Pilots. Toronto: Lorimer, 1990.

Milberry, Larry. Canada’s Air Force at War and Peace. 3 vol. Toronto: Canav Books, 1999-2001.

Richardson, Leonard Atwood. Pilot’s Log: The Flying Log, Diaries, Letters Home and Verse of Lt. Leonard Atwood Richardson, Royal Flying Corps, WW1, 1917-1918. Elizabeth Richardson-Whealy, comp. and ed. St. Catherines, ON: P. Heron Pub., 1998.

Shores, Christopher, Norman Franks and Russell Guest. Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces, 1915-1920. Stoney Creek, ON: Fortress Publications, 1990.

Wise, S.F. Canadian Airmen and the First World War. Ottawa: Department of National Defence, 1982.

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The Battles and Battlefields

For more references, see the section headed “Canadian Expeditionary Force: Operations of the Canadian Expeditionary Force” in the bibliography prepared by Library and Archives Canada at (http://www.collectionscanada.ca/military/h13-4000-e.html)

Berton, Pierre. Vimy. Paperback ed. Toronto: Anchor Canada, 2001.

Bishop, Arthur. Canada’s Glory: Battles That Forged a Nation, 1759-1953. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 1996.

Boire, Major Michael. “The Underground War: Military Mining Operations in Support of the Attack on Vimy Ridge, 9 April 1917.” Canadian Military History 1, nos 1&2 (Autumn 1992): 15-24.

Cassar, George H. Beyond Courage: The Canadians at the Second Battle of Ypres. Ottawa: Oberon, 1985.

Christie, Norm. [He has written numerous books about battles and tours of the battlefields. Visit http://www.cefbooks.ca/ for more information].

Cook, Tim. “The Blind Leading the Blind: The Battle of the St. Eloi Craters.” Canadian Military History 5, 2 (Autumn 1996): 24-36.

Copp, Terry. A Canadian’s Guide to the Battlefields of Northwest Europe [includes the Somme and Vimy]. Waterloo, ON: Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University, 1995.

Dancocks, Daniel G. Legacy of Valour: The Canadians at Passchendaele. Edmonton: Hurtig, 1986.

---. Welcome to Flanders Fields: The First Canadian Battle of the Great War: Ypres, 1915. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1988.

Greenhous, Brereton and Stephen John Harris. Canada and the Battle of Vimy Ridge, 9-12 April 1917. Ottawa : Dept. of National Defence, Directorate of History, 1992.

Grodzinski, John R. and Michael R. McNorgan. “’It’s a Charge, Boys, It’s a Charge!’: Cavalry Action at Moreuil Wood, 30 March 1918.” in Fighting for Canada : Seven Battles, 1758-1945. Donald E. Graves, ed. Toronto: Robin Brass Studio, 2000 : 243-274.

Iarocci, Andrew. “Ist Canadian Infantry Brigade in the Second Battle of Ypres: The Case of 1st and 4th Canadian Infantry Battalions, 23 April 1915.” Canadian Military History 12 no 4 (Autumn 2003) : 5-16.

Kennedy, Joyce M. Distant Thunder: Canada’s Citizen Soldiers on the Western Front. Manhattan, Kansas: Sunflower University Press, 2000.

---. “Vimy Ridge.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Labayle, Éric, 9 avril 1917: les Canadiens à Vimy, Louviers, Ysec, 2001.

McWilliams, James and R. James Steele. Amiens: Dawn of Victory. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2001.

Morton, Desmond. When Your Number’s Up: The Canadian Soldier in the First World War. Toronto: Random House of Canada, 1993.

Morton, Desmond and J.L.Granatstein. Marching to Armageddon: Canadians and the Great War 1914-1919. Toronto: Lester & Orpen Dennys Limited, 1989

O’Shea, Stephen. Back to the Front: An Accidental Historian Walks the Trenches of World War I. 1st paperback ed. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1997.

Schreiber, Shane B. Shock Army of the British Empire: The Canadian Corps in the Last 100 Days of the Great War. St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Pub., 2004 (1997).

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The Commanders and Leaders

Brennan, Patrick. “The Commanders.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. “From Amateur to Professional: The Experience of Brigadier General William Antrobus Griesbach.” in Canada and the Great War, Briton Busch, ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003, 78-92.

---. “A Still Untold Story of the Canadian Corps: Byng’s and Currie’s Commanders.” Canadian Military History 11, 2 (Spring 2002): 5-16.

Brennan, Patrick and Thomas Leppard. “How the Lessons Were Learned: Senior Commanders and the Moulding of the Canadian Corps after the Somme,” in Canada and War: 1000-2000, Yves Tremblay, ed. Ottawa: Canadian War Museum, 2001.

Dancocks, Daniel. Sir Arthur Currie: A Biography. Toronto: Methuen, 1985.

Haycock, Ronald Graham. Sam Hughes: The Public Career of a Controversial Canadian, 1885-1916. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press in collaboration with Canadian War Museum, Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1986.

Hyatt, A.M.J. General Sir Arthur Currie: A Military Biography. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.

McCulloch, Ian. “‘Batty Mac’: Portrait of a Brigade Commander of the Great War, 1915-1917.” Canadian Military History 7, 4 (Autumn 1998) : 11-28.

---. “A Study in Operational Command: Byng and the Canadian Corps.” in The Changing Face of War: Learning from History, Allan D. English, ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1998: 50-66.

Swettenham, John. McNaughton, Vol. I: 1887-1939. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1968.

Travers, Tim. “Currie and 1st Canadian Division at Second Ypres, April 1915: Controversy, Criticism and Official History.” Canadian Military History 5, 2 (Autumn 1996): 7-15.

Tremblay, Yves. “Brutinel: A Unique Kind of Leadership,” in Warrior Chiefs, Bernd Horn and Stephen Harris, eds. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2001.

Vanier, Georges P. Georges Vanier, Soldier: The Wartime Letters and Diaries, 1915-1919. Deborah Cowley, ed. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2000.

Williams, Jeffery. First in the Field: Gault of the Patricias. St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Publishing, 1995.

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Communications and Engineering on the Battlefield

Barton, Peter, Peter Doyle and Johan Vandewalle. Beneath Flanders Fields: The Tunnellers’ War, 1914-1918. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.

Boire, Major Michael. “The Underground War: Military Mining Operations in Support of the Attack on Vimy Ridge, 9 April 1917.” Canadian Military History 1, nos 1&2 (Autumn 1992): 15-24.

Chaplin-Thomas, Charmion, Vic Johnson and Bill Rawling. Ubique! : Canadian Military Engineers : A Century of Service. Burnstown, ON: General Store Publishing House, 2003.

Holmes, K.J. The History of the Canadian Military Engineers : Volume III, to 1971. J.R. Newell, ed. Toronto: Military Engineering Institute of Canada, 1997.

Kerry, A.J. and W.A. McDill. The History of the Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers: Volume 1 (1749-1939). Toronto: Thorn Press, 1966.

Moir, John S., ed. History of the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals, 1903-1961. Ottawa: Royal Canadian Corps of Signals, Corps Committee, 1962.

Rawling, Bill. “Battlefield Communications.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. “Engineers on the Western Front.”Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. Surviving Trench Warfare: Technology and the Canadian Corps, 1914-1918. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

---. Technicians of Battle: Canadian Field Engineering from Pre-Confederation to the Post-Cold War Era. Toronto: Military Engineering Institute of Canada, 2003.

Wilson, Peter, ed. The War Diaries. Vol. 1: Canadian Railway Troops During World War 1: First Battalion, Canadian Overseas Railway Construction Corps November 1917 - April 1918. Campbellford, ON: Wilson’s Pub. Co., 1995.

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Gas Warfare

Cook, Tim. “Gas Warfare.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. No Place to Run: The Canadian Corps and Gas Warfare in the First World War. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1999.

---. “A Proper Slaughter: The March 1917 Gas Raid at Vimy Ridge.” Canadian Military History 8, 2 (Spring 1999): 7-23.

Dancocks, Daniel G. Welcome to Flanders Fields. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1988.

Iarocci, Andrew. “Ist Canadian Infantry Brigade in the Second Battle of Ypres: The Case of 1st and 4th Canadian Infantry Battalions, 23 April 1915.” Canadian Military History 12, 4 (Autumn 2003): 5-16.

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The Home Front: Women, Industry, Fundraising, and Internment Camps

Carter, David J. Behind Canadian Barbed Wire: Alien, Refugee and Prisoner of War Camps in Canada, 1914-1946. Calgary, Tumbleweed Press, 1980.

Craig, Grace Morris. But This Is Our War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.

Fooks, Georgia Green. Prairie Prisoners : POWs in Lethbridge During Two World Conflicts. Lethbridge, AB: Lethbridge Historical Society, 2002.

Gwyn, Sandra. Tapestry of War: A Private View of Canadians in the Great War. Toronto: HarperCollins, 1992.

Kordan, Bohdan S. Enemy Aliens, Prisoners of War: Internment in Canada during the Great War. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Laflamme, Jean, Spirit Lake: un camp de concentration en Abitibi durant la Grande Guerre, Montréal, Maxime, 1989.

Lowe, Graham. “Women, Work and the Office: The Feminization of Clerical Occupations in Canada, 1901-1931.” in Rethinking Canada. The Promise of Women’s History, Veronica Strong-Boag and Anita Clair Fellman, eds. 2nd ed. Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman, 1991: 269-285.

Luciuk, Lubomyr Y. In Fear of the Barbed Wire Fence: Canada’s First National Internment Operations and the Ukrainian Canadians, 1914-1920. Kingston, ON: Kashtan Press, 2001.

MacKenzie, David, ed. Canada and the First World War: Essays in Honour of Robert Craig Brown. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Miller, Ian Hugh Maclean. Our Glory and our Grief: Torontonians and the Great War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.

Morton, Desmond, « Entente cordiale ? La section montréalaise du Fonds patriotique canadien, 1914-1923 : le bénévolat de guerre à Montréal », Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française 53, 2 (automne 1999): 207-246.

---. Fight or Pay: Soldiers’ Families in the Great War. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004.

Morton, Desmond and Cheryl Smith. “The Patriotic Fund, 1914-1918: Fuel for the Home Fires [Canadian Patriotic Fund].” The Beaver 75, 4 (Aug-Sept 1995): 12-20.

Ramkhalawansingh, Ceta. “Women during the Great War.” in Women at Work, Ontario, 1850-1920. Janice Acton, ed. Toronto: Canadian Women’s Educational Press, 1974: 261-307.

Roy, Caroline, «La Ligue des ménagères de Québec, 1917-1924, » [MA (Histoire), Université de Montréal], 1995.

Strong-Boag, Veronica. The Parliament of Women. The National Council of Women of Canada, 1893-1929. Ottawa: Musées nationaux du Canada/National Museum of Canada, 1976.

Thompson, John Herd. The Harvest of War: The Prairie West, 1914-1918. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998 (1987).

Waiser, W. A. Park Prisoners: The Untold Story of Western Canada’s National Parks, 1915-1946. Saskatoon: Fifth House Publishers, 1995.

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The Images of World War I (Photographs, Films, Art, Posters) – see also Journalism, Censorship and Propaganda

Beauregard, Claude, « La Première guerre mondiale, De la guerre totale à la censure totale : Le cas de la photographie et la censure », dans La Première Guerre mondiale et le Canada : contributions socio-militaires québécoises, Roch Legault et Jean Lamarre, dirs., Montréal, Méridien, 1999 : 111-124.

Brandon, Laura. “Canada’s First World War Art Collection.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. “The Canadian War Memorial That Never Was.” Canadian Military History 7, 4 (Autumn 1998): 45-54.

---. “Shattered Landscape: The Great War and the Art of the Group of Seven.” Canadian Military History 10, 1 (Winter 2001): 58-66.

Butlin, Susan. “Landscape as Memorial: A.Y. Jackson and the Landscape of the Western Front, 1917-1918.” Canadian Military History 5, 2 (Autumn 1996): 62-705.

Choko, Marc H. Canadian War Posters: 1914-1918, 1939-1945. Laval, QC: Éditions du Méridien, 1994.

Cork, Richard. A Bitter Truth: Avant-Garde Art and the Great War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.

Cook, Tim. “Documenting War and Forging Reputations: Sir Max Aitken and the Canadian War Records Office in the First World War.” War in History 10, 3 (July 2003): 265-295.

Fisher, Susan. “Jack Turner’s War.” The Beaver (October November 2002): 36-42.

Jack Turner’s War [electronic resource]. Produced by the PEI Public Archives and Records Office and Industry Canada, 1999.

Keshen, Jeffrey A. Propaganda and Censorship during Canada’s Great War. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1996.

Kula, Sam. “Canadian Expeditionary Force Film Records.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. World War I Project: Preservation Plan for the Surviving Moving Image Records of the Canadian Participation in World War I. [Report prepared for Library and Archives Canada, Canadian War Museum and National Film Board of Canada], December 2002.

Lacasse, Germain, « Les films ‘perdus’ de la guerre oubliée », Revue canadienne d’études cinématographiques 7, 1 (printemps 1998) : 29-42.

---, « La presse, le cinéma et la guerre 1914-1918 : Écritures militaires et écritures résistantes », dans Conflits contemporains et médias, C. Saouter et C. Beauregard, dirs., Montréal, XYZ, 1997 : 85-94.

Leskun, Charles. Canadian War Posters: World War I. Oakville, ON: Rubicon Pub., 2002.

McNorgan, Michael R. and John Marteinson. “Some General Comments on Great War-era Films.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Oliver, Dean, and Laura Brandon. Canvas of War: Painting the Canadian Experience, 1914–1945. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 2000.

Saouter, Catherine. “Filmmaking and the Great War: What to Film and How to Present It?” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---, Images et sociétés: le progrès, les medias, la guerre, Montréal, Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 2003.

Smither, Roger, ed. Imperial War Museum Catalogue. Vol. 1: The First World War Archive. Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Tippett, Maria. Art at the Service of War: Canada, Art, and the Great War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

William Rider-Rider: Panoramic Photographs from the Great War. Cobourg, ON: Art Gallery of Northumberland, 1989.

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Journalism, Censorship and Propaganda in World War I (see also Images)

Chisholm, Anne and M. Davie. Lord Beaverbrook: A Life. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1993.

Gagnon, Jean-Pierre, « Le rôle de la Presse dans la formation du 22e bataillon canadien-français », dans Conflits contemporains et médias, Claude Beauregard et Catherine Saouter, dirs., Montréal, XYZ éditeur, 1997: 55-59.

Keshen, Jeffrey A. “All the News that Was Fit to Print: Ernest J. Chambers and Information Control in Canada, 1914-19.” Canadian Historical Review 73, 3 (1992): 315-343.

---. Propaganda and Censorship during Canada’s Great War. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1996.

Levert, Myriam, La censure de la presse d’expression française du Québec durant la Première Guerre mondiale, [mémoire de maîtrise (histoire), Université du Québec à Montréal], 2001.

---. “Journalism and the War.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---, « Le Québec sous le règne d’Anastasie: l’expérience censoriale durant la Première Guerre mondiale, » Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française 57, 3 (hiver 2004): 333-364.

Taylor, A.J.P. Beaverbrook. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1972.

Vance, Jonathan F. W. Death So Noble: Memory, Meaning, and the First World War. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997.

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Life in the Trenches

Bird, Will R. The Communication Trench: Anecdotes & Statistics from the Great War, 1914-1918. Ottawa, CEF Books, 2000 (1933).

---. Ghosts Have Warm Hands: A Memoir of the Great War, 1916-1919. Ottawa: CEF Books, 1997 (1968).

Cook, Tim. “Life in the Trenches.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. “`More a Medicine than a Beverage’: ’Demon Rum’ and the Canadian Trench Soldier of the First World War.” Canadian Military History 9 no 16 (Winter 2000): 6-22.

Copp, Terry. “Trench Warfare in 1915.” Legion Magazine (Sept/Oct 2004).

Fraser, Donald. The Journal of Private Fraser, 1914-1918, Canadian Expeditionary Force. Reginald H. Roy, ed. Nepean, ON: CEF Books, 1998 (1985).

Granatstein, J.L. Hell’s Corner: An Illustrated History of Canada’s Great War, 1914-1918. Toronto: Douglas and McIntyre, 2004.

---. “The Horror of the Trenches.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Litalien, Michel et Stéphane Thibault, Tranchées: le quotidien de la guerre 1914-1918, Outremont, Québec, Athéna éditions, 2004.

Morrison, J. Clinton. Hell upon Earth: A Personal Account of Prince Edward Island Soldiers in the Great War, 1914-1918. Summerside, PEI.: J.C. Morrison, 1995.

Morton, Desmond. "A Canadian Soldier in the Great War: The Experience of Frank Maheux." Canadian Military History 1, nos 1 & 2 (1992): 79-89.

---. When Your Number’s Up: The Canadian Soldier in the First World War. Toronto: Random House, 1993.

Morton, Desmond and J.L. Granatstein. Marching to Armageddon: Canadians and the Great War, 1914- 1919. Toronto: Lester & Orpen, Dennys, 1989.

Rawling, Bill. Surviving Trench Warfare: Technology and the Canadian Corps, 1914-1918. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

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Medals and Decorations

Abbink, Harry and Cindy Abbink. The Military Medal: Canadian Recipients, 1916-1922. Calgary: Alison Publishing, 1987.

Bishop, Arthur. “The Incomparable Seventy-One: Canada’s Victoria Cross Winners.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. Our Bravest and Our Best: The Stories of Canada’s Victoria Cross Winners. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1995.

Cave, Joy B. Two Newfoundland V.C.s. St. John’s, NF: Creative Printers & Publishers, 1984.

Halliday, Hugh A. Not in the Face of the Enemy: Canadians Awarded the Air Force Cross and Air Force Medal, 1918-1966. Toronto: Robin Brass Studio, 2000.

Riddle, David K. and Donald G. Mitchell, comps. The Distinguished Conduct Medal to the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1920. Winnipeg: Kirkby-Marlton, 1991.

---. The Distinguished Service Order to the Canadian Expeditionary Force and Canadians in the Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force, 1915-1920. Winnipeg: Kirkby-Marlton, 1991.

---. The Military Cross Awarded to the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1915-1921. Winnipeg: Kirkby-Marlton, 1991.

Sorobey, Ron. “Filip Konowal, VC: The Rebirth of a Canadian Hero.” Canadian Military History 5, 2 (Autumn 1996): 44-56.

Swettenham, John. Valiant Men: Canada’s Victoria Cross and George Cross Winners. Toronto: Hakkert, 1973.

Wallace, Jim. Canadian Foreign Awards, Awards to Nursing Service, Mentioned in Despatches, World War I. Winnipeg: Bunker to Bunker Books, 2001.

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Medical Corps

Allard, Geneviève, «Des anges blancs sur le front : l’expérience de guerre des infirmières militaires canadiennes pendant la Première guerre mondiale », Bulletin d’histoire politique, 8, 2-3 (hivers-printemps 2000): 119-132.

Baillargeon, Denyse. “Army Nurses.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Gass, Clare. The War Diary of Clare Gass. Susan Mann, ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000.

Hyatt, A.M.J. and Nancy Geddes Poole. Battle for Life: The History of No. 10 Canadian Stationary Hospital and No. 10 Canadian General Hospital in Two World Wars. Waterloo, ON: Laurier Centre for Military, Strategic and Disarmament Studies, 2004.

Litalien, Michel, Dans la tourmente : Deux hôpitaux militaires canadiens dans la France en guerre (1915-1919), Outremont, Québec, Athéna éditions, 2004.

Mann, Susan. Margaret Macdonald: Imperial Daughter. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.

Morton, Desmond. “Military Medicine and State Medicine: Historical Notes on the Canadian Army Medical Corps in the First World War, 1914-1919.” in Canadian Health Care and the State: A Century of Evolution, C. David Naylor, ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1992.

Nicholson, G.W.L. Canada’s Nursing Sisters. Toronto: S. Stevens, 1975.

---. Seventy Years of Service: A History of the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps. Ottawa: Borealis Press, 1977.

Norris, Marjorie. Sister Heroines: The Roseate Glow of Wartime Nursing 1914-1918. Calgary: Bunker to Bunker Pub., 2002.

Rawling, Bill. “Battlefield Medicine.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. Death their Enemy: Canadian Medical Practitioners and War. Ottawa: B. Rawling, 2001.

Strong-Boag, Veronica. “Making a Difference: The History of Canada’s Nurses.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la médecine 8, 2 (1991): 231-248.

Walker, Frank. From a Stretcher Handle: The World War I Journal & Poems of Pte. Frank Walker. Mary F. Gaudet, ed. Charlottetown, PEI: Institute of Island Studies, 2000.

Wilson-Simmie, Katherine M. Lights Out: The Memoir of Nursing Sister Katharine Wilson, Canadian Army Medical Corps, 1915-1917. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2003.

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Military Logistics

Brown, Ian Malcolm. British Logistics on the Western Front, 1914-1919. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 1998.

Crerar, Duff. Padres in No Man’s Land: Canadian Chaplains and the Great War. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1995.

French, Cecil. A History of the Canadian Army Veterinary Corps in the Great World War, 1914-1919. C.A.V. Barker and Ian K. Barker, eds. Guelph: Crest Books, 1999.

Johnston, James Robert. Riding into War: The Memoir of a Horse Transport Driver, 1916-1919. Fredericton: Goose Lane Editions and The New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, 2004.

Litalien, Michel. "Military Logistics in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1918." Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Love, David W. “A Call to Arms”: The Organization and Administration of Canada’s Military in World War One. Calgary: Bunker To Bunker Books, 1999.

Phelan, Frederick Ross. “Army Supplies in the Forward Area and the Tumpline System: A First World War Canadian Logistical Innovation.” Canadian Military History 9, no 1 (Winter 2000): 31-45.

Warren, Arnold. Wait for the Waggon: The Story of the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1961.

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Mounted Troops

Ellis, W.D., ed. Saga of the Cyclists in the Great War 1914-1918. Toronto: Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion Association, 1965.

Johnston, G. Chalmers. The 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles (British Columbia Horse) in France and Flanders, 1914-1919. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2005 (1922).

Lynch, Alex. Dad, the Motors and the Fifth Army Show: The German Offensive, March 1918. Kingston, ON: Lawrence Publications, 1978.

---. The Glory of Their Times: 1st Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade, March 1918. Kingston, ON: Lawrence Publications, 2001.

Marteinson, John and Michael R. McNorgan. “Canada’s Mounted Troops.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps: An Illustrated History. Toronto: Robin Brass Studio, 2000.

Mitchell, G.D., Brian Reid and W. Simcock. RCHA - Right of the Line: An Anecdotal History of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery from 1871. Ottawa: RCHA History Committee, 1986.

Pulsifer, Cameron. “Canada’s First Armoured Unit: Raymond Brutinel and the Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigades of the First World War.” Canadian Military History 10, 1 (Winter 2001): 44-57.

Tremblay, Yves, « Raymond Brutinel et la guerre de mouvement », dans La Première Guerre mondiale et le Canada : contributions socio-militaires québécoises, Roch Legault et Jean Lemarre, dirs., Montreal, Méridien, 1999 : 195-224.

Wallace, J.F. Dragons of Steel: Canadian Armour in Two World Wars. Burnstown, ON: General Store Publishing, 1995.

Williams, S.H. Stand to Your Horses: Through the First World War, 1914-1918 with the Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians). Winnipeg: Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians) Regimental Society, 1999 (1961).

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Personal Narratives and Biographies – see also The Commanders and Leaders

For more references, see various other sections in this bibliography, consult the section headed “Military Autobiography, Biography and Memoirs” in the bibliography prepared by Library and Archives Canada (http://www.collectionscanada.ca/military/h13-4000-e.html), or use the following subject heading when using library catalogues:


World War, 1914-1918—Personal narratives, Canadian

Bagnall, F.W. Not Mentioned in Despatches: The Memoir of Sgt. Fred Bagnall, C.E.F., 1914-1917. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2005 (1933).

Barnes, Deward. It Made You Think of Home: The Haunting Journal of Deward Barnes, 1914-1918. Bruce Cane, ed. T oronto: Dundurn Press, 2004.

Bird, Will R. The Communication Trench: Anecdotes & Statistics from the Great War, 1914-1918. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2000 (1933).

---. Thirteen Years After: The Story of the Old Front Revisited. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2000 (1932).

Brown, Dave. Faces of War: A Collection. Burnstown, ON: General Store, 1998.

Chaballe, Joseph, Histoire du 22e Bataillon canadien-français. Tome 1, 1914-1919, Montreal, Les Éditions Chantecler, 1952.

Cooke, Bert. We’re Not Dead Yet: The First World War Diary of Private Bart Cooke. Milly Walsh and John Callan, eds. St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Publishing, 2004.

Corneloup, Claudius, L’épopée du 22e canadien-français, Montreal, La Presse et Librairie Beauchemin, 1919.

Cusack, Veronica. The Invisible Soldier: Captain W.A.P. Durie, His Life and Afterlife. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 2004.

Dietrich, Bev. “Colonel John McCrae: From Guelph, Ontario to Flanders Fields.” Canadian Military History 5, 2 (Autumn 1996): 37-43.

Fraser, Donald. The Journal of Private Fraser, 1914-1918, Canadian Expeditionary Force. Reginald H. Roy, ed. Nepean, ON: CEF Books, 1998 (1985).

Gass, Clare. The War Diary of Clare Gass. Susan Mann, ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000.

Godefroy, Andrew B. For Freedom and Honour?: The Story of the 25 Canadian Volunteers Executed in the First World War. Nepean, ON: CEF Books, 1998.

Gray, Larry. We Are the Dead [Soldiers from Carleton Place, Ontario in WWI]. Burnstown, ON: General Store Pub. House, 2000.

The Great War and Canadian Society: An Oral History. Gus Richardson, et. al, comps. Daphne Read, ed. Toronto: New Hogtown Press, 1978.

Graves, Dianne. A Crown of Life: The World of John McCrae. St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Publishing, 1997.

Hillyer, Harry and Jen Hillyer. Dear Harry: The Firsthand Account of a World War I Infantryman. Norma Hillyer Shephard, comp. Burlington, ON: Brigham Press, 2003.

Hughes, John McKendrick. The Unwanted: Great War Letters from the Field. John R. McKendrick, ed. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2005.

Johnson, Daniel F. World War I : Canadians at War, New Brunswick, Victoria & Carleton Counties : Military Biographies of the Men Who Enlisted in World War I from the Counties of Victoria and Carleton, New Brunswick, Canada. Saint John, NB: Daniel F. Johnson, 2003.

Johnston, James Robert. Riding into War: The Memoir of a Horse Transport Driver, 1916-1919. Fredericton: Goose Lane Editions and The New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, 2004.

Kerr, Wilfred Brenton. Shrieks and Crashes: Memories of Canada’s Corps, 1917. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2005 (1943).

---. Arms and the Maple Leaf: Memories of Canada’s Corps, 1918. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2005 (1943).

MacPherson, Donald Stuart. A Soldier’s Diary: The WW1 Diaries of Donald MacPherson. St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Publishing, 2001.

Morrison, J. Clinton. Hell upon Earth: A Personal Account of Prince Edward Island Soldiers in the Great War, 1914-1918. Summerside, PEI.: J.C. Morrison, 1995.

Morton, Desmond. "A Canadian Soldier in the Great War: The Experience of Frank Maheux." Canadian Military History 1.1 & 2 (1992): 79-89.

Perry, Hattie A. Soldiers of the King, v.1. 1914-1918. [Soldiers from Barrington and Clark’s Harbour, Nova Scotia]. Barrington, NS: Spindrift Publishing, 2002.

Prescott, John F. In Flanders Fields: The Story of John McCrae. Erin, ON: Boston Mills Press, 1985.

Scott, Frederick George. The Great War As I Saw It. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2000 (1922).

Stacey, A.J. Memoirs of a Blue Puttee: The Newfoundland Regiment in the First World War. St. John’s, NF: DRC Publishers, 2002.

Steele, Owen William. Lieutenant Owen William Steele of the Newfoundland Regiment: Diary and Letters. David R. Facey-Crowther, ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Teahan, John Patrick. Diary Kid. Grace Keenan Prince, ed. Ottawa: Oberon, 1999.

Tennyson, Brian Douglas. “A Cape Bretoner at War: Letters from the Front 1914-1919.” Canadian Military History 11, no 1 (Winter 2002): 37-48.

Thurston, Arthur. A Monument Speaks: ... And Tells the Story of its Dead. Yarmouth, NS: A. Thurston Publications, 1989.

Walker, Frank. From a Stretcher Handle: The World War I Journal & Poems of Pte. Frank Walker. edited by Mary F. Gaudet. Charlottetown, PEI: Institute of Island Studies, 2000.

Wallis, Sarah and Svetlana Palmer. Intimate Voices from the First World War. 1st ed. Toronto: HarperCollins, 2004.

Whalen, Dwight, comp. and ed. War Christmas: Letters from Niagara Soldiers during the Great War. Niagara Falls, ON: Horseshoe Press, 2002.

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The Post-War Period (Armistice and Returning Veterans)

Fauque, Vincent, La dissolution d’un monde : la Grande Guerre et l’instauration de la modernité culturelle en Occident, Sainte-Foy, Québec, Presses de l’Université Laval, 2002.

Glazebrook, G.P. de T. Canada at the Paris Peace Conference. Toronto: Oxford Univ. Press, 1942.

MacMillan, Margaret Olwen. “After the Great War.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World. Paperback ed. New York: Random House, 2003.

---. Peacemakers: The Paris Conference of 1919 and Its Attempt to End War. London: J. Murray, 2001.

Morton, Desmond. “Dissolving Canada’s Great War Army.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. Fight or Pay: Soldiers’ Families in the Great War. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004.

---. “’Kicking and Complaining’: Demobilization Riots in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1918-19.” Canadian Historical Review 61, 3 (September 1980): 334-360.

Morton, Desmond and Glenn Wright. Winning the Second Battle: Canadian Veterans and the Return to Civilian Life, 1915-1930. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.

Wert, Mike. "From Enlistment to the Grave: The Impact of the First World War on 52 Canadian Soldiers." Canadian Military History 9, no. 2 (Spring 2000): 43-58.

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Prisoners of War

Cochet, François, « Le traitement des prisonniers de guerre en 1914-1918 : le règne de la réciprocité ? », 14-18, le Magazine de la Grande Guerre, 23 (Décembre 2003 - Janvier 2004).

Jackson, Robert. The Prisoners, 1914-18. New York: Routledge, 1989.

Morton, Desmond. Silent Battle: Canadian Prisoners of War in Germany, 1914-1919. Toronto: Lester Pub., 1992.

Moynihan, Michael, ed. Black Bread and Barbed Wire: Prisoners in the First World War. London: Leo Cooper, 1978.

Speed, Richard. Prisoners, Diplomats and the Great War: A Study in the Diplomacy of Captivity. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Vance, Jonathan F., ed. Encyclopedia of Prisoners of War and Internment. Denver, CO: ABC-Clio, 2000.

---. “German Prisoners of War.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. Objects of Concern: Canadian Prisoners of War through the Twentieth Century. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1994.

Williamson, Samuel R. and Peter Pastor, eds. Essays on World War I: Origins and Prisoners of War. NY: Brooklyn Coll, 1983.

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Recruitment, Enlistment, Conscription and Training

Armstrong, Elizabeth. The Crisis of Quebec, 1914 1918. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1974 (1937).

Brown, Robert Craig and Donald Loveridge. “Unrequited Faith: Recruiting the CEF 1914-1918.” Revue internationale d’histoire militaire 51 (1982): 53-79.

Comeau, Robert, « L’opposition à la conscription au Québec », dans La Première Guerre mondiale et le Canada : contributions socio-militaires québécoises, Roch Legault et Jean Lamarre, dirs., Montréal, Méridien, 1999: 91-109.

Granatstein, J.L. and J.M. Hitsman. Broken Promises: A History of Conscription in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Iarocci, Andrew. “Overseas Training in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

Lackenbauer, P. Whitney. “The Military and ‘Mob Rule’: The CEF Riots in Calgary, February 1916.” Canadian Military History 10, 1 (Winter 2001): 31-42.

Litalien, Michel, « La mobilisation chaotique et coûteuse du Corps expéditionnaire canadien, 1914-1915 », Legion Magazine (janvier/février 2004).

Love, David W. “A Call to Arms”: The Organization and Administration of Canada’s Military in World War One. Winnipeg: Bunker to Bunker Books, 1999.

Maroney, Paul. “The Great Adventure: The Context and Ideology of Recruiting in Ontario, 1914-17.” Canadian Historical Review 77, 1 (March 1996): 62-98.

Morton, Desmond. When Your Number’s Up: The Canadian Soldier in the First World War. Toronto: Random House, 1993.

Provencher, Jean, Québec sous la loi des mesures de guerre, 1918, Montréal, Boréal Express, 1971.

Rutherdale, Robert. “Canada’s August Festival: Communitas, Liminality and Social Memory.” Canadian Historical Review 77 (June 1996): 221-49

---. Hometown Horizons: Local Responses to Canada’s Great War. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2004.

---. “Raising Volunteers and Early Send-Offs.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. “Send-offs During Canada’s Great War: Interpreting Hometown Rituals in Dispatching Home Front Volunteers.” Histoire sociale/Social History 36 (November 2003): 425-64

Twatio, Bill. “The Empire Needs You! Recruiting Drives Use Every Tactic Available, Including Humiliation, Badgering and Charge of Cowardice (World War I). Esprit de Corps 11 no 5 (Avril 2004 ) : 20-22.

Walker, James St. G. “Race and Recruitment in World War I: Enlistment of Visible Minorities in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.” Canadian Historical Review 70, 1 (March 1989): 1-26.

Wert, Mike. "From Enlistment to the Grave: The Impact of the First World War on 52 Canadian Soldiers." Canadian Military History 9, no. 2 (Spring 2000): 43-58.

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Remembering and Commemorating World War I

Djebabla, Mourad. « Remembering Those Who Died on the Field of Honour. » Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---, Se souvenir de la Grande Guerre : la mémoire plurielle de 14-18 au Québec, Montréal, VLB, 2004.

Gibson, Edwin and G. Kingsley Ward. Courage Remembered: The Story Behind the Construction and Maintenance of the Commonwealth’s Military Cemeteries and Memorials of the Wars of 1914-1918 and 1939-1945. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1989.

Lambillotte, Willy E. A. Canadian Routes of Remembrance in Flanders 1914-1918 and 1944. Translated by Jean Hage and Paul Childs-Adams. Brussels: The Canadian Embassy, 1998.

Lloyd, David W. Battlefield Tourism: Pilgrimage and the Commemoration of the Great War in Britain, Australia, and Canada, 1919-1939. Oxford: Berg, 1998.

Shipley, Robert. To Mark our Place: a History of Canadian War Memorials. Toronto: NC Press, 1987.

Thurston, Arthur. A Monument Speaks: ... And Tells the Story of its Dead. Yarmouth, NS: A. Thurston Publications, 1989.

Vance, Jonathan. Death so Noble, Memory, Meaning, and the First World War. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2000 (1997).

---. “Sacrifice in Stained Glass: Memorial Windows of the Great War.” Canadian Military History 5, 2 (Autumn 1996): 16-23.

Wood, Herbert, and John A. Swettenham. Silent Witnesses. Toronto: A. M. Hakkert, in association with the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Canadian War Museum, 1974. Témoins silencieux

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The units of the CEF

For more CEF unit histories, see the section headed “Canadian Expeditionary Force” in the bibliography prepared by Library and Archives Canada (http://www.collectionscanada.ca/military/h13-4000-e.html); see also subject areas such as Aviation, Communications…, Life in the Trenches, Medical Corps, Mounted Troops, and Personal Narratives… in this bibliography.

Allen, E.P.S. The 116th Battalion in France: 1914-1918. Ottawa: CEF Books, 2005 (1921).

Bercuson, David Jay. The Patricias: The Proud History of a Fighting Regiment. Toronto: Stoddart, 2001.

Bernier, Serge. The Royal 22e Regiment, 1914-1999. Tr. Charles Phillips. Montreal: Art Global, 2000

Bouvier, Patrick, « Ambiguïtés et justice militaire canadienne : brève analyse des failles dans l’application du Army Act, 1914-1918 », Bulletin d’histoire politique 12, 3 (printemps-été 2004) : 133-143.

---, Déserteurs et insoumis : les Canadiens français et la justice militaire, 1914-1918, Outremont, Québec: Athéna éditions, 2003.

Chaballe, Joseph, Histoire du 22e Bataillon canadien-français. Tome 1, 1914-1919, Montreal, Les Éditions Chantecler, 1952.

Corneloup, Claudius, L’épopée du 22e canadien-français, Montreal, La Presse et Librairie Beauchemin, 1919.

Dempsey, L. James. Warriors of the King: Prairie Indians in World War I. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, 1999.

Gagnon, Jean-Pierre, « Le rôle de la Presse dans la formation du 22e bataillon canadien-français », dans Conflits contemporains et médias, Claude Beauregard et Catherine Saouter, dirs., Montréal, XYZ éditeur, 1997: 55-59.

---, Le 22e bataillon (canadien-français), 1914-1919, Une étude socio-militaire, Québec, Presses de l’Université Laval, 1986.

Iarocci, Andrew. “Ist Canadian Infantry Brigade in the Second Battle of Ypres: The Case of 1st and 4th Canadian Infantry Battalions, 23 April 1915.” Canadian Military History 12 no 4 (Autumn 2003): 5-16.

Ito, Roy. We Went to War: The Story of the Japanese Canadians Who Served During the First and Second World Wars. Etobicoke, ON: S-20 & Nisei Veterans Association, 1992.

Lemieux, Paul, « La 5e brigade du Corps expéditionnaire canadien : éléments de coparaison entre francophones et anglophones – décoration, promotion, maladie, blessure et décès », dans Le Canada français et les conflits contemporains : [Actes du colloque tenu à l’Université du Québec à Montrèal, le 27 août 1995], Claude Beauregard, Robert Comeau et Jean-Pierre Gagnon, dirs., Cahiers d’histoire politique 2 (hiver 1996) : 42-54.

Murphy, Tony and Paul Kenney. The Trail of the Caribou: Newfoundland in the First World War. St. John’s, NF: Harry Cuff Publications, 1991.

Newman, Stephen K. With the Patricia’s in Flanders, 1914-1918: Then & Now. 1st ed. Saanichton, BC: Bellewaerde House Pub., 2000.

Nicholson, G.W.L. The Fighting Newfoundlander: A History of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment. Ottawa: Government of Newfoundland, 1964.

Ruck, Calvin W. The Black Battalion, 1916-1920: Canada’s Best Kept Military Secret. Halifax: Nimbus Pub., 1987.

Shackleton, Kevin R. Second to None: The Fighting 58th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Toronto: Dundurn Group, 2002.

Sommerby, Janice. Native Soldiers, Foreign Battlefields. Ottawa: Veterans Affairs Canada, 2005 (1993).

Vennat, Pierre, « Les ‘Poilus canadiens-français’ : les volontaires oubliés de la Première guerre mondiale », in La Première Guerre mondiale et le Canada : contributions socio-militaires québécoises, Roch Legault et Jean Lamarre, dirs., Montréal, Méridien, 1999 : 253-267.

---, Les poilus québécois de 1914-1918 : histoires des militaires canadiens-français de la Première guerre mondiale, 2 v., Montréal, Méridien, 1999-2000.

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The Weapons of World War I

Cook, Tim. “Artillery: The Great Killer.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

---. No Place to Run: The Canadian Corps and Gas Warfare in the First World War. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1999.

Cormack, Eric. Once a Gunner Always a Gunner: My Undistinguished Military Career. Kemptville, ON: Veterans Publications, 2004.

Edgecombe, David W. Defending the Dominion, Canadian Military Rifles 1855-1955. Ottawa: Service Publications, 2003.

Hogg, Ian V. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Firearms. London: New Burlington Books, 1978

---. Military Small Arms of the 20th Century. 7th ed. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2000.

Johnston, James Robert. Riding into War: The Memoir of a Horse Transport Driver, 1916-1919. Fredericton: Goose Lane Editions and The New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, 2004 [Canadian Machine Gun Corps].

Litalien, Michel. “Military Logistics of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

McNaughton, A.G.L. "Counter-Battery Work." Canadian Defence Quarterly. Vol. III, No. 4 (July 1926).

---."The Development of Artillery in the Great War." Canadian Defence Quarterly, Vol. VI, No. 2 (January 1929).

Nicholson, G.W.L. The Gunners of Canada: The History of the Royal Regiment of the Canadian Artillery, Vol. 1: 1534-1919. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1967.

Rawling, William. Surviving Trench Warfare: Technology and the Canadian Corps, 1914-1918. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

Swettenham, John. McNaughton, Volume I: 1887-1939. Toronto: The Ryerson Press, 1968 [commander of Canada’s artillery in France].

White, Phil. “Canadian Small Arms of the First World War.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005.

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Videos and DVDs available from the National Film Board of Canada

Aces: A Story of the First Air War. National Film Board of Canada, 1993. 92 min 32 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=29759&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Aftermath: The Remnants of War [les effets néfastes des guerres au 20e siècle]. National Film Board of Canada and Aftermath Pictures Inc., 2001. 73 min 37 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=50746&v=h&lg=en&exp=

And We Knew How to Dance: Women in World War I. National Film Board of Canada, 1994. 55 min 41 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=30424&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Anger after Death [les effets de la guerre chimique]. National Film Board of Canada, 1971, 28 min 44 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=11878&v=h&lg=en&exp=

The Battle of Vimy Ridge. Norflicks Productions Ltd., 1997, 95 min 12 s. Fait partie de la série Far From Home: Canada and the Great War. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=33369&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Also available in a four-part series for educational institutions:

Canada in World War One. National Film Board of Canada, 1962. 16 min 45 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=11068&v=h&lg=en&exp=

For Your Tomorrow [commemorates 60th anniversary of the end of WW1]. G. Parker Ltd., 1978. 27 min 52 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=12684&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Far from Home: Canada and the Great War Home Video Collection, 1999. Norflicks Productions Ltd. Consists of 3 parts: Sam’s Army, The Battle of Vimy Ridge and The Last 100 Days. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=50762&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Fields of Sacrifice. Directed by Donald Brittain. National Film Board of Canada, 1964, 38 min 13 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=11748&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Freedom Had a Price [repression of Ukranians in Canada]. La Maison de montage Luhovy Inc., 1994, 55 min 05 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=32014&v=h&lg=en&exp=

George P. Vanier : Soldier, Diplomat, Governor General. National Film Board of Canada, 1960, 29 min 25s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=11914&v=h&lg=en&exp=

John McCrae’s War: In Flanders Fields. National Film Board of Canada and International Documentary Television Corporation, 1998, 46 min 11 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=33643&v=h&lg=en&exp=

The Kid Who Couldn’t Miss. National Film Board of Canada, 1982, 79 min 16 s. [This film is no longer in distribution, but may be available from a library] http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=13742&v=h&lg=en&exp=

The Last Hundred Days. Norflicks Productions Ltd, 1999, 96 min 35 s. Part of the series Far From Home: Canada and the Great War. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=50589&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Also available in 3 parts:

Sam’s Army. Norflicks Productions Ltd., 1999, 90 min 31 s. Part of the series Far From Home: Canada and the Great War. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=33898&v=h&lg=en&exp=

Also available in a 3-part series:

A Soldier’s Voice [veterans of WW1 speak of their experiences]. Partners in Motion, 2000, 46 min 45 s. http://www.nfb.ca/trouverunfilm/fichefilm.php?id=51935&v=h&lg=en&exp=#

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Web sites

An Archival Look at World War 1. Queen’s University Archives, 2002. http://archives.queensu.ca/wwi/index.html

Association 1914-1918, http://www.association14-18.org/index.htm

Canada and the First World War, Canadian War Museum, http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/chrono/1914first_ww_e.html

Canada and the First World War [online exhibition], Library and Archives Canada, http://www.collectionscanada.ca/firstworldwar/index-e.html

Canada Remembers: The First World War, Veterans Affairs Canada, http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=history/firstwar

Canadian Great War Homepage, http://www.rootsweb.com/~ww1can/

Canadian Images and Letters Project. http://www.mala.bc.ca/history/letters/

Cinq-Mars, Marcelle. “Canadian Historic Sources for the First World War.” Images of a Forgotten War: Films of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War [electronic resource]. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2005. [she provides links for additional research]

Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org/cwgcinternet/search.aspx

Heroes Remember., Veterans Affairs Canada, http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/hrp

First World War.com. http://firstworldwar.com/

For King and Empire: Canada’s Soldiers in the Great War. http://www.kingandempire.com/

La Grande Guerre, Anovi, http://www.grande-guerre.org/

The Great War. PBS (KCET/Los Angeles) and the BBC, in association with England’s London-based Imperial War Museum, 1996. http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/

The Great War Society. http://worldwar1.com/tgws/

The Heritage of the Great War. http://www.greatwar.nl/

Military History, Canadian War Museum, http://warmuseum.ca/cwm/militaryhistory_e.html

How Canada Remembers. [A list of links to websites about Canadian military history]. http://www.canadainfolink.ca/military.htm

Letters from the Great War. [A Canadian in France]. http://archives.queensu.ca/wwi/index.html

Heroes Remember, Veterans Affairs Canada, http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/hrp

Canadian Virtual War Memorial, Veterans Affairs Canada, http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/virtualmem

Canadian Military History Gateway, Government of Canada, http://www.cmhg.gc.ca/html/default-en.asp?t=0

« Canada and the First World War », From Colony to Country: A Reader’s Guide to Canadian Military History, Ottawa: Library and Archives Canada, 2000. http://www.collectionscanada.ca/military/h13-4000-e.html

The World War 1 Document Archives. World War 1 Military History List. http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/

World War I: Trenches on the Web. The Great War Society http://www.worldwar1.com/

World War One. British Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwone/index.shtml

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